- United we stand, divided we fall.
- Better untaught than ill taught.
- One volunteer is worth two pressed men.
- Fear the Greeks bearing gifts.
- Stolen sweets are sweetest.
- Forbidden fruit is sweetest.
- A forced kindness deserves no thanks.
- The rotten apple injures its neighbours.
- The beaten road is the safest.
- A watched pot never boils.
Saturday, 23 November 2013
1. Point out participle I and participle II in the following proverbs.
Wednesday, 16 October 2013
The Nominative Absolute Construction is a construction in which the participle stands in predicative relation to a noun in the Common Case or a pronoun in the Nominative Case; the noun or pronoun is not the subject of the sentence.
- The wind blowing hard, the man turned up his collar.
Tuesday, 24 September 2013
Similar to the Infinitive Participle I may form part of a Complex Object or Subject when combined with a noun (pronoun) to which it stands in predicate relation.
- I saw him run along the street. (Infinitive Complex Object) – He was seen run along the street. (Infinitive Complex Subject)
- I saw him running along the street. (Participle Complex Object) – He was seen running along the street. (Participle Complex Subject)
Such complexes occur after verbs denoting physical perceptions – 'to see', 'to hear', 'to feel', 'to watch', 'to find', 'to catch'.
Monday, 26 August 2013
The Forms of the Participle
|Perfect||having written||having been written|
Note : - Those are the forms of Participle I which is formed by adding the suffix -ing to the stem of the verb (to go - going, to read - reading, etc.). Participle II has only one form (asked, came. spoken, cut, etc.).
Indefinite Participle denotes an action simultaneous with what expressed by the finite verb.
Perfect Participle denotes an action prior to that expressed by the finite verb.
Tuesday, 11 June 2013
Proverbs and Sayings1. Comment on the use of the gerund in the following proverbs and sayings. Memorize them.
- Be slow in choosing a friend, slower in changing him.
- He who likes borrowing dislikes paying.
- By doing nothing we learn to do ill.
- In doing we learn.
- Learn to swim by swimming.
- Think twice before speaking.
- Saying and doing are two things (Saying is one thing and doing another.)
- Doing is better than saying.
- The word spoken is past recalling.
- Seeing is believing.
Thursday, 18 April 2013
- The Forms of the Gerund
- Functions of Gerunds in Sentences
- Gerund or Infinitive?
- Gerundial Complex
The gerund is a non-finite form of the verb with some noun features. It is formed by adding the suffix -ing to the stem of the verb.
Seeing is believing.
The gerund acts like a verb and a noun at the same time.
Like a verb:
- It expresses action or a state of being.
- The gerund has grammatical categories of voice and tense.
- It may be modified by an adverb or have an object. (E.g.: Reading (gerund) quickly (adverb) tires me. I like reading (gerund) such books (direct object).)
Monday, 18 March 2013
English grammar exercises and activities for teaching Complex object to English language learners. Some exercises include answer keys.
Exercise 1Make up as many sentences as you can using the words and word-groups from each column of the substitution table. Pay attention that after verbs 'to see, to hear, to feel, to let, to make, etc...' the infinitive has no particle 'to' .
1) with the verb 'to see'
|move to a summer cottage.
lay a brick house.
enter a two-storey house.
draw a skyscraper.
speak to her lodger.
pull down a house.