Sunday, 30 March 2014

Conditional Mood Examples in Proverbs and Quotations

Conditional and Subjunctive Mood Examples in Proverbs, Quotations and Rhymes


1.  Comment on the use of the Conditional Mood in complex sentences expressing unreal condition in the following proverbs and sayings.

  1.     If wishes were horses, beggars would ride.
  2.     If there were no clouds, we should not enjoy the sun.
  3.     If it were not for hope, the heart would break.
  4.     If the pills were pleasant, they would not be guilded.
  5.     If things were to be done twice all would be wise.
  6.     If "ifs" and "ans" were pots and pans.
  7.     Many would be cowards if they had courage enough.
  8.     Pigs might fly if they had wings.
  9.     If my aunt had been a man, she’d have been my uncle.
  10.     If each would sweep before his own door, we should have a clean city.

Saturday, 8 February 2014

Conditional Sentences


The Conditional Mood is used to the principal clauses of complex sentences expressing unreal condition.

Sunday, 2 February 2014

The Oblique Moods


The Formation of the Oblique Moods

Subjunctive I

  Synthetical form (1) Analytical form
Present I (he, she, we, you, they) be, have, speak I (he, she, we, you, they) should be, should have, should speak.

Past    --- I (he, she, we, you, they) should have been, should have had, should have spoken.

(1) The form of Subjunctive I in Modern British English is mostly used in poetry and official documents. In colloquial speech the analytical form of Subjunctive I prevails.
In American English the synthetical form of Subjunctive I is colloquial.

Monday, 9 December 2013

Gerund - Grammar Exercises




Grammar exercises and activities for teaching the Gerund to English language learners. Some exercises include answer keys.

I. Define the forms of the gerund .
  1. Skiing is my favourite sport. 
  2. I remember his telling me about his coat. 
  3. I remember having seen this match. 
  4. Before taking up swimming she had been very fond of playing basketball. 
  5. The football player was punished for having pushed the centre forward. 
  6. The young high jumper was very proud of being praised. 
  7. I did not know you had stopped rooting for our team. 
  8. I remember having been told about this match.

Saturday, 23 November 2013

Participle Examples in Proverbs and Quotations

1. Point out participle I and participle II in the following proverbs.
  1. United we stand, divided we fall.
  2. Better untaught than ill taught.
  3. One volunteer is worth two pressed men.
  4. Fear the Greeks bearing gifts.
  5. Stolen sweets are sweetest.
  6. Forbidden fruit is sweetest.
  7. A forced kindness deserves no thanks.
  8. The rotten apple injures its neighbours.
  9. The beaten road is the safest.
  10. A watched pot never boils.

Wednesday, 16 October 2013

Nominative Absolute Participle Construction



The Nominative Absolute Construction is a construction in which the participle  stands in predicative relation to a noun in the Common Case or a pronoun in the Nominative Case; the noun or pronoun is not the subject of the sentence.

Key example: 
  • The wind blowing hard, the man turned up his collar. 

Tuesday, 24 September 2013

The Participle as the Part of a Complex Object or a Complex Subject



Similar to the Infinitive Participle I may form part of a Complex Object or Subject when combined with a noun (pronoun) to which it stands in predicate relation.

Compare:
  • I saw him run along the street. (Infinitive Complex Object)He was seen run along the street. (Infinitive Complex Subject)
  • I saw him running along the street. (Participle Complex Object)He was seen running along the street. (Participle Complex Subject)

Such complexes occur after verbs denoting physical perceptions – 'to see', 'to hear', 'to feel', 'to watch', 'to find', 'to catch'.