Saturday, 8 February 2014

Conditional Sentences


The Conditional Mood is used to the principal clauses of complex sentences expressing unreal condition.


 Patterns - read and memorize!
Real condition
Unreal condition
referring to the present or future
referring to the past
1. If he reads more, it will be easier for him to study.



1. If I knew English literature better, it would be easier for me to study.
1. If I had known English literature better at school, I should have written a better composition at the entrance exam.
2. If he studies in our group, we shall appoint him monitor.
2. If he studied in our group, we should appoint him monitor.
2. If he had studied in our group in the 1st course, he would have been our monitor.
3. If they go to the country next summer, their son will feel better.
3. If they went to the country every summer, their son would feel better.
3. If they had gone to the country last summer, their son would have already recovered.
Note 1 - In complex sentences expressing real condition the Future Indefinite is used in the principal clause, the Present Indefinite - in the subordinate clause. (in sentences referring to the future.)

Note 2 - In complex sentences expressing unreal condition referring to the present or future the Present Conditional Mood is used in the principal clause, Present Subjunctive II - in the subordinate clause.

Note 3 - In complex sentences expressing unreal condition referring to the past, the Past Conditional Mood is used in the principal clause, Past Subjunctive II - in the subordinate clause.